Ghana records about 2,000 fatalities in road accidents annually as six lives are lost daily through those accidents. Introduction road traffic accidents rtas affect populations all over the world. Road traffic accidents rta keep increasing every year in. Statistics show that road accidents kill an average of four people a day in ghana. The motorcycles were significantly more than the cars registered. Road traffic injury is an escalating burden in africa and. Identification of factors that cause severity of road. There are many factors that lead to innumerable causes of road accidents in ghana. The burden of road traffic crashes, injuries and deaths in. Road accidents and casualties that have occurred in the period of 2011 distributed by major cities in the country. An assessment of traffic congestion and its effect on. The greater accra region tops with about 53 per cent of accidents in the. Aug 18, 20 road accidents have become one of the leading causes of deaths in ghana. It is worthy to note that, for the first time in three years, the ashanti region has recorded the highest number of fatalities as it used to be greater accra which was the leading crashprone region based on the number of persons.
Data from the motor traffic and transport department mttd of the ghana police service show that there was a 12. Click to read all about coronavirus a total of 2,076 people died in road traffic accidents in 2017. Pdf analyzing the causes of road traffic accidents in kumasi. In ghana, the use of rumble strips reduced crashes.
It is classified as the second major cause of death in the. What are the causes and effects of a road accident. Road traffic accidents rta, especially motorcycle related, are a significant cause of injuries in ghana. The nature of our roads and bad conditions of vehicles are contributing factors that bring about road accidents. Motorization has enhanced the lives of many individuals and societies, but the benefits have come with a price. The latest one was recorded on the accrawinneba road last monday, where 11 people perished after the vehicle they were travelling in ran into a stationery truck. These has led to the loss of lives, property, broken homes, and as well as leaving behind shattered families and communities, among others despite the indispensable role the road transport sector plays in the economy. Ghanaian tech company launches mobile app to end road accidents june 20, 2019 accidents have become a constant feature on ghanas roads and the deaths they cause have been on. Such accidents often result in lose of life and material. These five regions together contributed over threequarters 75. Motorists who go beyond or below the prescribed speed limits on road could hit other vehicles and they could be hit as well. The head of the ghana national road safety commission in analysing national rta trend in ghana fr, om 20002012 at a public forum, is quoted as saying rta fatalities in ghana is worse compared to death from dis eases in that period 22. A public health concern, and a call for action in ghana, and the subregion.
Some of the indicators contributing to most rtas in ghana include indiscipline. A case study of obinzenekedeiheagwa road in imo state, southeastern, nigeria. Due to this, some drivers tend to dodge them which unfortunately do result in some road accidents. Apr 01, 2019 road traffic accidents claim the largest loss of human life and tend to be the most serious problem all over the world anh and dao, 2005, in gebru, 2017. Although the number of lives lost in road accidents in highincome countries indicate a downward trend in recent decades, for most of the worlds population, the burden of roadtraffic injuryin terms of societal and economic costsis rising substantially. Modelling the trend of road traffic accidents in accra science. Road traffic accidents, trends, road safety, ghana. Who the burden of road traffic crashes, injuries and deaths.
We hear of them and read about them in newspapers almost daily. Road accidents and casualties in ghana ghana open data. Article pdf available in open journal of preventive medicine 411. This paper highlights the increasing problem of road traffic accident rta related morbidity and mortality in ghana, and the public health measures needed to control the problem. The carnage on our roads has become one of the leading causes of deaths in ghana. These causes lead to injuries and can sometimes be fatal. Majority of the injuries resulted from road traffic accidents and falls, accounting for 39.
Amoah 2011 cited arthur kennedy in an article perishing on the road that many of our prominent. The most talked about and serious cause of accidents nowadays in ghana is the use of cell phone while driving. A public health perspective of road traffic accidents. The major causes of road accidents in ghana are poor driving skills and indiscipline. Jun 12, 2015 this has become a very big problem for the nation as her citizens continue to perish. Who has decided to tackle the root causes of road accidents, a global scourge characteristic of our.
Road accidents in ghana have been identified as one of the major causes of deaths in the country. A traffic accident, a traffic collision or crash occurs when a vehicle collides with. The causes of the accidents on this 25km stretch of road were deduced from analysing 404 accident reports and from relationships that were determined with other factors. It has been classified as the second major cause of death apart from malaria and hence urgent. Most of these fatal accidents have been attributed to over speeding and wrong over taking by the drivers. It is wrong to place the responsibility for causing and preventing road crashes on the driver only. The main objective of this paper was to explore the most. Ghana, road traffic accident rta, fatalities, public health, safety 1. Ghana records 2,000 road fatalities annually graphic online.
The causes of rtas among others include human or driver errors, vehicle charac. Mervis patience muvuringi zimbabwe 48th international course in health development september 19, 2011 september 7, 2012 kit royal tropical institute development policy and practice vrije universiteit amsterdam. The objective of this study is to assess road traffic accident based on human security perspective. Accidents are one of the leading causes of death in developing countries, particularly in ghana.
What interventions are required to reduce road traffic. Risk factors human, vehicle and environment factors are. These are caused by the carelessness of the drivers and their ignorance and negligence of the traffic rules. Kumasi was chosen for the research due to its strategic location as a transit point to the north, south, central and western parts of ghana, which makes it prone to traffic congestion. Very few of very well meaning ghanaians have tried in their little way to help curb this social canker by contributing in various ways.
Dec 20, 2016 ghana records 11,378 road accidents as at november 2016. Road traffic accidents of varying degrees that have occurred in ghana both in the past and present have resulted in several road fatalities. Furthermore, young africans are the most likely victims with road traffic accidents being the first cause of mortality among 1529yearolds 2. Haadi 2014 37 analyzed the factors that contributed to road crash severity in ghanas northern region using binary logistic regression. December 20, 2016 general news comments off on ghana records 11,378 road accidents as at november 2016. Jan 10, 2018 click to read all about coronavirus a total of 2,076 people died in road traffic accidents in 2017. This perception of ghana 20002012 rta trend and impact, is again reenforced ina recent published paper 23. Trend analysis of fatal road accidents between june 2006 and may 2014 using nigeria watch database shows that 15,090 lives were lost to fatal road accidents in 3,075 events.
Of course, there is the obvious damage to property, which may include your vehicle, another vehicle, physical property, a bicyclist, p. Accidents and casualties by severity by city for 2011csv accidents and casualties by severity by major cities in ghana for the period. This paper highlights the increasing problem of road traffic accident rta. Accidents are very common in big cities as there are many modes of transport and road are narrow and over crowded. Causes of road accidents transport department, government of. This is large enough to fill the kumasi sports stadium, ghanas biggest stadium. Road traffic injuries and deaths are a growing public health concern worldwide. Epidemiology of injuries presenting to the accident centre of. Ninetyeight percent of vehicles registered in the municipality in 2004 2008 were motorcycles. The importance of the problem of rtas warrants immediate interventions to reduce road traffic crashes in the districts. Few have really addressed the effects of a road accident. Mervis patience muvuringi zimbabwe 48th international course in health development september 19, 2011 september 7, 2012 kit royal tropical institute development policy. Appiah it appears as if the only news that can get us to discuss other pertinent and important issues, using my own set of standards, such as the question of the value and quality of ghanaian life and how to sustain and improve on it, has to be negative.
The study adopted survey strategy on five major road links in the metropolis. Statistics from the national road safety commission shows that, ghana loses about 1. It is estimated that road traffic accidents in ghana have killed 46,284 between 1991 and 2018. Thus, about 15 of every 100 road traffic accidents during the period were fatal, whilst 62 out of every 100 rtas resulted in an injury. Of that figure, 42% were pedestrians, 23% were passengers in buses, and 12% were car occupants, while the remaining 23% consisted of riders national road safety commission, 2008. A recent study found that the rate could be closer to 65 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants 4. Trends an patterns of fatal road accients in nigeria 20062014.
The fiftyfourth edition of the statistics of road traffic accidents in europe and north america contains the basic statistics on road traffic accidents provided by the governments of member states of the united nations economic commission for europe unece. Ghana records 11,378 road accidents as at november 2016. This has become a very big problem for the nation as her citizens continue to perish. Efforts by government to reduce road accidents have been coupled with road safety awareness and education etc. Pdf analyzing the causes of road traffic accidents in. Ghanaian tech company launches mobile app to end road accidents june 20, 2019 accidents have become a constant feature on ghana s roads and the deaths they cause have been on a steady rise over. Prevent accidents by taking all the precautions you can. Special issue articles on road safety on five continents 2018 conference in jeju islands, south korea edited by anna vadeby, anna anund, saerona choi 28 april 2020. Statistics show that about 30% of accidents on the roads are.
World report on road traffic injury prevention world health. Jul 01, 2016 algeria and ghana also reported high road traffic injury rates at 700 and 938 per 100 000 population, respectively. This is an open access article distributed under the terms. In 2005, there was 16% increase in road accidents as compared to the preceding year. Some of the indicators contributing to most rtas in ghana include indiscipline behaviors of road users drivers on phone, pedestrians crossing. In africa, the number of road traffic injuries and deaths have been increasing over the last three decades. The influences of driversriders in road traffic crashes in ghana. This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms. Road traffic accidents are the major cause of mortality among people aged 1529 years in africa.
Human factors as causes for road traffic accidents in the. Efforts by government to reduce road accidents have been coupled with. December 2011 volume 45, number 4 ghana medical journal. Trend analysis of fatal road accidents between june 2006 and may 2014 using nigeria watch database shows that 15,090 lives were lost to. Road accidents in ghana a major public concern news ghana. Cost analysis was based on the standard road accident cost conceptual framework. Road transport accident have been identified to be the second cause of death in the country. Trends and patterns of fatal road accidents in nigeria 2006 2014 executive summary the incidence of fatal road accidents in nigeria is phenomenal. Road accidents have become one of the leading causes of deaths in ghana. Abstract road traffic accidents rta in developing countries such as ghana have been identified as one of the major causes of death. Road accidents cannot be stopped despite providing the best possible roads and intersections, however there are ways to reduce the impact of road accidents on roadusers and the vehicles plying on.
Also, the bad nature of some roads is another cause of road accidents in the country. Human factors as causes for road traffic accidents in the sultanate of oman under consideration of road construction designs inauguraldissertation zur erlangung des doktorgrades dr. Comparative model analysis of road traffic accidents in ghana. This is eight people less than the 2,084 people killed in 2016. These various forms of road traffic accidents affect individuals and societies all over the world coleman, 2014.
Road traffic accidents claim the largest loss of human life and tend to be the most serious problem all over the world anh and dao, 2005, in gebru, 2017. Algeria and ghana also reported high road traffic injury rates at 700 and 938 per 100 000 population, respectively. As statistics in ghana indicate, road accidents affect many sectors of society. Managing traffic congestion in the accra central market, ghana. Dankyi, 2010 attributed the causes of these accidents to fatigue driving. Economic burden of motorcycle accidents in northern ghana. A headon collision between a passenger bus and a truck in central ghana killed at least 61 people in the deadliest road accident in recent memory in the country, officials and witnesses said. We are elaborating some of the common behaviour of humans which results in accident. I want to talk about the causes of these accidents and suggest how they can be prevented or minimized. Road accidents have great effect on any countrys economy especially, a developing country, like ghana. Main cause of accidents and crashes are due to human errors. A study was done on a road in the western cape of south africa, the r44, to investigate the causes of road accidents. No progress has been reported in low and middle income countries lmics and the number of deaths remains very high. Feb 19, 2016 a head on collision between a passenger bus and a truck in central ghana killed at least 61 people in the deadliest road accident in recent memory in the country, officials and witnesses said.1060 443 1102 677 1112 93 1529 815 794 1142 177 842 858 1559 165 781 8 1274 486 472 1055 671 302 1541 509 1247 116 1120 948 476 138 397 59 1311 622 923 884 872 1193 1480 597 99 1023 1407 879 72